Sign Friendship Agreement
Macedonia and Bulgaria have signed a friendship treaty to end years of wrangling and strengthen Macedonia`s application for membership. The ancient Greeks distinguished between three different types of friendships between two poles: Philiai, Symmachia and Epimachia. Symmachia and Epimachia were both kind of alliances, the first states pledging to support each other in the struggle, and these required parties to help each other when an invasion was on. Philiai therefore made the important difference in dering the friendship between politics, but did not give the contractual partners the status of allies. The Romans had a similar word amicitia, a state of diplomatic relations that could coexist with an alliance or exist without it. The Romans practiced the establishment of peace and friendship with the policies of their peripheries, although in practice these relations were generally based on unequal treaties, which required neighbours to provide military support to Rome, but not necessarily the other way around.  Each country protects, in defined order, the rights of its citizens residing in another country, in accordance with the obligations relating to the documents of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and the other generally accepted principles and norms of international law, to agreements reached within the Commonwealth of Independent States. Under the agreement, both sides guarantee the rights and freedoms of other countries on the same basis and to the extent provided for their citizens, unless required by state national legislation or international treaties. “For the first time, without any country or person telling us what to do, the two states have come to a solution,” Borisov said. The treaty “shows the EU that the turbulent Balkans, which have gone through many problems, can solve problems through agreements without intermediaries,” he said. Until 2019, the contract was automatically renewed on each tenth anniversary of its signing, provided that one party informs the other of its intention to terminate the contract six months before its expiry.
 In particular, the agreement prematurely confirms the inviolability of the countries` borders, regardless of the fact that Russia and Ukraine have never agreed on the definitive ratification and delimitation of a border between the two countries.  The Treaty of Friendship, cooperation and partnership between Ukraine and the Russian Federation is an agreement between Ukraine and Russia, which expired in April 2019, was signed in 1997 and defined the principle of strategic partnership, recognition of the inviolability of existing borders and respect for territorial integrity and mutual commitment not to use their territory to harm the security of the other. The treaty prevents Ukraine and Russia from infiltrating and declaring war.  Ukraine has announced its intention not to renew the contract in September 2018.  The contract expired on March 31, 2019.   The contract was also called the “Great Treaty.”   On 19 September 2018, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko signed a decree that does not renew the treaty. On 3 December 2018, President Poroshenko drafted a law in Parliament to immediately end the Friendship Treaty and draft a law in Parliament to declare war on Russia; Support from Western allies in the UN Security Council.   According to Poroshenko, non-renewal requires “no vote” in the Ukrainian parliament.
 The Russian Foreign Ministry stated that it had been informed by Ukraine of the termination of the contract on 24 September 2018, expressing regret.  Borisov, who received the highest reception from the state and army, told reporters that the treaty showed that even in the turbulent Balkans, “problems can be solved by agreements and without foreign mediators” – an outcome that he said is highly appreciated by Brussels.