Rivalry And Disagreements Between Jefferson And Hamilton Resulted In
Another confrontation between them shortly after Jefferson took office as Foreign Minister gave rise to a new and extremely important interpretation of the Constitution. When Hamilton introduced his national bank bill, Jefferson, who spoke for those who believed in state rights, argued that the Constitution explicitly listed all the powers of the federal government and retained all other powers to the states. Nowhere has the federal government been allowed to set up a bank. When party lines were drawn in the new federal government, President George Washington tried to pacify the parties by addressing the main players – Alexander Hamilton, his minister of finance, and Thomas Jefferson, his secretary of state. Although Hamilton and Jefferson both promised to cooperate, the struggle between the federalist and Republican parties continued unabated. Political groups or political parties began to form during the struggle for ratification of the Federal Constitution of 1787. The friction between them increased as attention shifted from the creation of a new federal government to the question of how powerful this federal government would be. The federalists, led by Finance Minister Alexander Hamilton, wanted a strong central government, while the anti-federalists, led by Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, advocated state rights instead of centralized power. The federalists united in the country`s commercial sector, while their adversaries drew strength from those who preferred an agricultural society. The ensuing partisan fighting led George Washington to warn in his farewell speech as president of the United States of “the shameful effects of the spirit of the party.” This pressure captured the heated partisan debates in Congress between Vermont Republican Representative Matthew Lyon (1749-1822) and Connecticuts Federalist Representative Roger Griswold (1762-1812). On February 15, 1798, they attacked the floor of the House with stick claws and chimneys. Griswold had accused Lyon of cowardice during the American Revolution and had retaliated in Lyon by spitting out spit at Griwold.
Gutzman argues that the debate over Jefferson and Hamilton`s competing visions was settled in the 1800 election. In the 1790s, Hamilton wanted to use the military to quell political differences, and his party was responsible for the Sedition Act, which made it a crime to oppose the government.